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On August 19, 2015, Bangkok, Thailand, a meeting to hear comments on the draft report on “20 Years of Progress and Challenges of Thailand’s Performance on Population and Development” was held by the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA Thailand). The aims were: to present the implementation status, progress and obstacles, as well as guidelines for future operations in accord with the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action (PoA); and, to modify the draft report, revising it to be the thoroughly completed and practical review for the relevant parties for further application.

As one of the 179 member states that have implemented the PoA, Thailand has the obligation to submit a report to the Commission on Population and Development every five years. Three reports have already been presented: the Five-Year Review, the Ten-Year Review and the Fifteen-Year Review of the Implementation of PoA.

The year 2014 is the 20th or the final year of the implementation of the ICPD’s PoA. It is also the last year to compile the review on the implementation of such actions. Although Thailand has achieved the goals of the PoA in several aspects, there are still some actions that have not been implemented to meet the goals and need further efforts. Meanwhile, the situation has changed and the new challenges on population and development issues have arisen. For example, demographic structural changes result in the reduced proportion of children and working-age population while the proportion of aging population is increasing. This causes the increase in the dependency ratio of population. There are also new challenges arising from social, economic, political, and environmental contexts at the global community, regional, national and local community levels. It is also important to include the post-2015 UN development agenda.

These factors are forcing Thailand to review the previous implementation outcomes as well as to prepare policies/measures that are appropriate, timely and accommodating the changes both currently happening and to occur in the future. Therefore, the meeting is organized to hear comments and suggestions from various agencies and qualified parties that play important roles in population and development. The NESDB Board would then gather the comments and suggestions to improve the review report and then use these data for the development of the Twelfth National Economic and Social Development Plan, which is in progress and will be promulgated in 2017.

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